human vision system

The light that falls onto the retina is processed by photoreceptors, better known as rods and cones. The rods respond to light of relatively low luminance levels, while
the less sensitive cones are more responsive to higher luminance levels.

There are three types of cones that together produce the sensation of color. Each cone has a different response curve

The cones are characterized by the peak value of the response curves: S, M and L, which respectively stand for short, middle and long wavelengths.

L, M and S cone responses to light

two colors will appear the same to us if they produce the same cone responses.

the number of S-cones on the retina is lower than the M- and L- cone numbers.

luminance is weighted by the human cone response curves. Luminance is often normalized according to a specified reference white. Lightness is the perceptual response to luminance.



Quotes on Photography

The virtue of the camera is not the power it has to transform the photographer into an artist, but the impulse it gives him to keep on looking.
Brooks Anderson, Once Around the Sun

When I photograph, what I’m really doing is seeking answers to things.
Wynn Bullock

The ear tends to be lazy, craves the familiar and is shocked by the unexpected; the eye, on the other hand, tends to be impatient, craves the novel and is bored by repetition.
W. H. Auden

A photograph is a secret about a secret. The more it tells you the less you know.
Diane Arbus

The magic of photography is metaphysical. What you see in the photograph isn’t what you saw at the time. The real skill of photography is organized visual lying.
Terence Donovan

A thing is not what you say it is or what you photograph it to be or what you paint it to be or what you sculpt it to be. Words, photographs, paintings, and sculptures are symbols of what you see, think, and feel things to be, but they are not the things themselves.
Wynn Bullock

Many pictures turn out to be limp translations of the known world instead of vital objects which create an intrinsic world of their own. There is a vast difference between taking a picture and making a photograph.
Robert Heinecken

It takes a lot of imagination to be a good photographer. You need less imagination to be a painter, because you can invent things. But in photography everything is so ordinary; it takes a lot of looking before you learn to see the ordinary.
David Bailey

Searching is everything – going beyond what you know. And the test of the search is really in the things themselves, the things you seek to understand. What is important is not what you think about them, but how they enlarge you.
Wynn Bullock

While there is perhaps a province in which the photograph can tell us nothing more than what we see with our own eyes, there is another in which it proves to us how little our eyes permit us to see.
Dorothea Lange

We take language into our minds; we read words in the same internal voice with which we think, remember, pray. But when we look at paintings or photographs, the reverse is true. If the image corresponds to our most intensely personal, yet archetypal, yearnings and memories, we don’t take the image in, we move out of ourselves into the image, as though it were another world, a hologram whose forms of light are ghostly angels, or a dream whose physical reality is suggested by what we see on the surface of a canvas or a page. We connect with the image as though we had lost it within our own memories and are now surprised to find it represented outside ourselves, vital and luminous, charged with energy.
Jayne Anne Phillips

Photographs are of course about their makers, and are to be read for what they disclose in that regard no less than for what they reveal of the world as their makers comprehend, invent, and describe it.
A. D. Coleman

My quest, through the magic of light and shadow, is to isolate, to simplify and to give emphasis to form with the greatest clarity. To indicate the ideal proportion, to reveal sculptural mass and the dominating spirit is my goal.
Ruth Bernhard

Light is my inspiration, my paint and brush. It is as vital as the model herself. Profoundly significant, it caresses the essential superlative curves and lines. Light I acknowledge as the energy upon which all life on this planet depends.
Ruth Bernhard

For me, the creation of a photograph is experienced as a heightened emotional response, most akin to poetry and music, each image the culmination of a compelling impulse I cannot deny. Whether working with a human figure or a still life, I am deeply aware of my spiritual connection with it. In my life, as in my work, I am motivated by a great yearning for balance and harmony beyond the realm of human experience, reaching for the essence of oneness with the Universe.
Ruth Bernhard

The urge to create, the urge to photograph, comes in part from the deep desire to live with more integrity, to live more in peace with the world, and possibly to help others to do the same.
Wynn Bullock

A person is quite different from a tree or rock or stream. By introducing the nude into my pictures, I started perceiving all the things I was photographing in new ways. In contrast or opposition to each other, things became much more significant and interesting, revealing many more qualities than I had ever dreamed of knowing and expressing. By using the nude, I stopped thinking in terms of objects. I was seeing things, instead, as dynamic events, unique in their own beings yet also related and existing together within a universal context of energy and change.
Wynn Bullock

I know some photographs that are extraodrinary in their power and conviction, but it is difficult in photography to overcome the superficial power or subject; the concept and statement must be quite convincing in themselves to win over a dramatic and compelling subject situation.
Ansel Adams, Ansel Adams, an Autobiography

The eyes are not responsible when the mind does the seeing.
Publilius Syrus

The contemporary artist…is not bound to a fully conceived, previsioned end. His mind is kept alert to in-process discovery and a working rapport is established between the artist and his creation. While it may be true, as Nathan Lyons stated, ‘The eye and the camera see more than the mind knows,’ is it not also conceivable that the mind knows more than the eye and the camera can see?
Jerry Uelsmann

To see is to forget the name of the thing one sees.
Paul Valery

One must always tell what one sees. Above all, which is more difficult, one must always see what one sees.
Charles Peguy

I love the medium of photography, for with its unique realism it gives me the power to go beyond conventional ways of seeing and understanding and say, “This is real, too.”
Wynn Bullock

A fool sees not the same tree that a wise man sees.
William Blake

What you see is real – but only on the particular level to which you’ve developed your sense of seeing. You can expand your reality by developing new ways of perceiving.
Wynn Bullock

It seems so utterly naive that landscape – not that of the pictorial school – is not considered of “social significance” when it has a far more important bearing on the human race of a given locale than excrescences called cities.
Edward Weston, Daybooks

Photography records the gamut of feelings written on the human face – the beauty of the earth and skies that man has inherited; and the wealth and confusion that man has created. It is a major force in explaining man to man.
Edward Steichen

All I wanted was to connect my moods with those of Paris. Beauty pains and when it pained most, I shot.
Ernst Haas

In the absence of a subject with which you are passionately involved, and without the excitement that drives you to grasp it and exhaust it, you may take some beautiful pictures, but not a photographic oeuvre.

As I became aware that all things have unique spatial and temporal qualities which visually define and relate them, I began to perceive the things I was photographing not as objects but as events. Working to develop my skills of perceiving and symbolizing these event qualities, I discovered the principle of opposites. When, for example, I photographed the smooth, luminous body of a woman behind a dirty cobwebbed window, I found that the qualities of each event were enhanced and the universal forces which they manifested were more powerfully evoked.
Wynn Bullock

Photographers deal in things which are continually vanishing and when they have vanished there is no contrivance on earth which can make them come back again.
Henri Cartier Bresson

I feel all things as dynamic events, being, changing, and interacting with each other in space and time even as I photograph them.
Wynn Bullock

I now measure my growth as a photographer in terms of the degrees to which I am aware of, have developed my sense of, and have the skills to symbolize visually the four-dimensional structure of the universe.
Wynn Bullock

I really believe there are things nobody would see if I didn’t photograph them.
Diane Arbus

The camera is an instrument of detection. We photograph not only what we know, but also what we don’t know.
Lisette Model

Everything went together perfectly, and this is what I mean by knowing. I didn’t have to analyze anything. I just recognized what was in front of me. All I had to do was set up and take the picture.
Wynn Bullock

The camera is an instrument that teaches people how to see without a camera.
Dorothea Lange

To see a World in a Grain of Sand
And a Heaven in a Wild Flower,
Hold Infinity in the Palm of your hand
And Eternity in an hour.
William Blake, “Auguries of Innocence”

In a photograph, if I am able to evoke not alone a feeling of the reality of the surface physical world but also a feeling of the reality of existence that lies mysteriously and invisibly beneath its surface, I feel I have succeeded. At their best, photographs as symbols not only serve to help illuminate some of the darkness of the unknown, they also serve to lessen the fears that too often accompany the journeys from the known to the unknown.
Wynn Bullock

Mysteries lie all around us, even in the most familiar things, waiting only to be perceived.
Wynn Bullock

Amazing stuff…

Short Animation by Paris Mavroidis
Music by Kaki King

Looking into the past

Book Igloo by Miler Lagos

social networking-inspired sticky notes



what are they shot?

source from Leica 中文摄影杂志

1. 失明者的影像:另一种描述的可能

“失明并不代表我们无法感知这个世界,只是我们的角度不同而已。” – Evgen Bavcar

Sight Unseen』摄影展聚集了世界上最具成就的多名失明(盲人)摄影师,以他们的作品来探讨影像与视觉之间的矛盾关系 ─── “挣脱个人视觉的束缚后,影像将以怎样的方式呈现。” “当我举起相机,我想记录的不是我看不到的画面,而是我心中的想象。”摄影师Evgen Bavcar这样描述自己的照片,“你可以说我有一点堂吉诃德,但是我知道所有画面的原型在我的心里。”


“重点并不在于失明者如何拍摄照片,”Evgen Bavcar说道,“而在于失明的人为什么想要这些影像…这种渴求所代表的,是其对自身存在的认知 ── ‘我想象故我在’,假如失去这种想象力,我会失去与世界的关系。”

2. Beth Moon,时间的肖像

Portraits of Time”是美国摄影师Beth Moon的一个持续长达10年的私人Fine-Art拍摄项目,在这个项目中,摄影师通过一系列地球上人烟罕至地区的百年古树的肖像,来探索时间与自然的亘古主题。

“从某种意义上说,树是这个星球上最大和最古老的古迹,以生命的形态记录着几世纪的变迁。胶片凝固的是几十分之一秒的时间片段树则是自然界最完美描绘时间的载体让人担忧的是,许多我拍摄的树之所以存活至今,是因为它们绝大多数都生长在人类暂时无法触及的地区,其中某一些只存在于这个星球上最偏僻的角落。年龄最长的树,已经成长了4000余年。” – Beth Moon

3. Emma Hardy,日常生活

Everyday Moments”是英国女摄影师Emma Hasdy对自己日常生活的私人记录,摄影师通过对景物以及光线戏剧性的驾驭能力创造出一种充满田园气息的影像氛围,这种风格也穿插于她的一系列肖像和Fashion拍摄作品。

“我希望这些照片是原始而温柔的,能够体现出不完美中的美好,呈现日常生活的闪光。我的每张照片都体现了对一个瞬间的迷恋,记录下,置身其中,然后让它杳然而去。” – Emma Hardy

4. Benjamin Bechet,身份困扰

I Am Winnie The Pooh”是法国摄影师Benjamin Bechet完成于2011年的一个私人拍摄项目,在这个项目中,摄影师融合了Fine-Art与Documentary的拍摄手法,通过一系列“iconic”的虚构形象对现实生活中的行为替代,来探索个人身份认知的困惑与迷茫。




5. Hideaki Hamada,赤子

Haru and Mina”是日本摄影师濱田英明(Hideaki Hamada)起始于2010年的一个私人拍摄项目,在这个项目中,摄影师用6×7中画幅胶片相机来记录两个只有4、5岁的儿子Haru和Mina的日常生活,敏锐地捕捉到孩童所特有的最天真无邪的动作与表情,延伸了记录的时空性,使整组作品对观者产生更强烈的共鸣。


“我希望能够拍出具有存在感的照片,让所有人能够感受到照片中传递的幸福美好。某些人、某些事曾经在这里存在过。” – Hideaki Hamada

6. Lauren Fleishman,关于爱情

Love Ever After”是美国女摄影师Lauren Fleishman一个正在进行中的私人拍摄项目,在这个项目中,摄影师以结婚超过50年的恋人为拍摄对象,呈现爱情、亲情与时间之间难以言述的纽带。




两人一起变老,你就不会注意自己的衰老。你不会觉得今天脸上的皱纹比昨天更深,同样的道理,如果你常常见到某人,就不会觉得他有什么的变化。但衰老是确实发生的,你只是不去注意它而已,真的。我不会每天都想:啊我的丈夫已经83岁了,很快就要84岁。天哪,我嫁给了一个老头子。希望他也这么想。” ——Angie Terranova, 纽约斯塔顿岛

7. Nicole Lloyd,家园的所在

Places Like Home”是女摄影师Nicole Lloyd使用一台6×7旁轴相机,在她成长的宾夕法尼亚州边走边拍,“记录家乡的肖像,寻找记忆的痕迹”。人们通过相机来传递自己眼中的世界,“记忆和自我认知”也因而成为影像最重要的主题之一。



8. M.I.L.K 2009的温情时刻

这个星球上最为温情的摄影奖『M.I.L.K』评选结果刚刚公布,来自立陶宛的女摄影师Victoria Vaisvilaite Skirutiene以一张名为“告别的鬼脸”的作品从超过17000名竞争者中脱颖而出,获得50000美元奖金。

M.I.L.K是Moments of Intimacy, Laughter and Kinship的简写,所有提交作品的照片都以记录“友情、亲情、家庭欢乐”为终极目标,最终评选结果,自然要比我们所介绍过的任何一个摄影奖项,更打动人,并给予人相信生命中美好事物存在的力量 ─── 在我们看来,这便是摄影的意义。

9. Darcy Padilla,十八年风华老去

The Julie Project”是女摄影师Darcy Padilla的一个私人拍摄项目,起始于1993年,结束于2010年。摄影师用了18年时间来记录一个身患AIDS女孩的一半人生,记录下她从18到36岁之间所经历的感情、困惑、失去、重逢以及最终的离别。这是一个感人至深的拍摄项目。


10. Vikky Wilkes,《Tweens》

Tweens”是澳大利亚女摄影师Vikky Wilkes从2007年开始的一个拍摄项目,在这个拍摄项目中,摄影师通过一组7至12岁的孩子的肖像,来描绘这个年龄段共同成长的兄弟姐妹间微妙的共性与分歧。


11. Gregory Crewdson,城市边缘的剧照

Gregory Crewdson的作品如同精心制作的电影剧照,永远不乏戏剧化元素和引人想象的空间。摄影师着意刻画都市边缘生活的独特生态——充满疏离感的街头景致、人与人之间的复杂关系,乃至潜藏于日常之中的焦虑与不安,并借此创造出现代都市生活的另一面景观。

A:艺术家的创作往往是受到某些特定事物的驱使,我也一样。你所说的这些艺术家中,有不少人给了我灵感,比如Edward Hopper, Robert Frand, William Eggleston乃至Stephen Spielberg。我们都试图探寻城市边缘的各种可能性。

12. Sebastiao Salgado,拍照纯属偶然

作为最著名的巴西摄影师,Sebastiao Salgado在过去39年中从未停止过对全球性社会问题的关注,为了完成其私人拍摄项目,Salgado游历了超过100个国家,其拍摄作品被视为21世纪初最重要的纪实项目。目前Salgado正在进行一个名为“Genesis”的项目,以记录全球尚未被人类拍摄过的地理及物种。



13. Alex Prager,生活中的戏剧化叙事

Fine-Art领域的Foam Paul Huf摄影奖刚刚公布了今年的获奖者,美国女摄影师Alex Prager以其独特而充满戏剧性的作品风格从众多候选者中脱颖而出,她擅长从通俗小说和电影中获得灵感,并将浓烈的色彩和戏剧化的服饰融入作品中,营造出具有旧日氛围的故事场景。


14. 楢桥朝子:一半现实,一半海水

“Half awake and half asleep in the water”是女摄影师Asako Narahashi一个以海为主题的拍摄项目,这组照片曾经在日本多个画廊进行巡展,反响非常.

“楢桥朝子(Asako Narahashi)突破了人们对海陆相接的传统视角,用一种全新的方式来展现陆地与大海的关系,我从未见过如此具有张力的海与陆的组合。” Martin Parr在序言中写道,“当浪花盖过镜头,海水成为了极致的前景,天空、陆地、海面上各种事物的关系忽然间也截然不同。”

“我是一个很矛盾的人,对同一个事物总会有好坏两种感受,这让我既难以百分百地心悦诚服,也无法陷入彻头彻尾的悲观或消极。这种两面性也体现于我的照片中。” ─── 楢桥朝子(Asako Narahashi)

15. Gail Albert Halaban,我的窗外,纽约

Out Of my window”是女摄影师Gail Albert Halaban一个在纽约进行的私人拍摄项目,在这个项目中,摄影师通过“窗”这一具有象征意义的拍摄角度,来探索城市中的人与外界空间的沟通和纽带。



16. Viktoria Sorochinski,安娜与伊芙

Anna & Eve”是乌克兰摄影师Viktoria Sorochinski正在进行中的私人拍摄项目,在这个项目中,摄影师用半纪实半虚构的方式,展现了年轻母亲Anna与女儿Eve深厚而独特的情感羁绊。尽管片中场景均由摄影师预先设置,但蕴含其中的母女关系却来自对Anna和Eve的深入观察,使拍摄对象的情感厚度并未因置景而削弱。


“但进行到‘Small Epiphanies’系列的时候,我决定加入更多戏剧化的成分,以表现Eve的成长给母女关系带来的变化。一年后,为充分表现Eve向成人期迈进的脚步,我为她单独拍摄了名为’Little Big Life’的系列,将这个女孩的梦想、烦恼与日常生活的点滴记忆留存在照片中。

17. Gabriela Herman,Blogger们的肖像

Bloggers”是摄影师Gabriela Herman完成于2011年的一个私人拍摄项目,在这个项目中,摄影师通过对为blogger们拍摄撰稿时的肖像,来呈现这种互联网时代人们思想最具变革性的记录与传播方式


18. Eve Arnold,1912-2012,对拍摄对象心怀同情

2012年1月4日,女摄影师Eve Arnold在伦敦去世,享年99岁。在过去数十年间,她曾为玛丽莲·梦露、辛迪·克劳馥、杰奎琳·肯尼迪等多位名人造像,并因此而广为人知。除此之外,她还穿梭于全球各地,将镜头对准更多的普通民众,把他们的生活呈现给世界。

——Eve Arnold在《未经修饰的女人》(The Unretouched Woman)一书中这样写道。

19. Lise Sarfati,女性肖像

在俄罗斯,我拍过许多风景照片,并形成了一种强烈的感受:人被自然所主宰,如此微不足道。之后的“The New Life”和“She”系列也延续了这一概念。

20. Steve McCurry:选图的艺术

Steve McCurry不止一次地提到,他每次任务拍摄的照片过千,最终被选择发表的却屈指可数,如何从成千上万照片中挑图,是一种“可意会而无法言传“的艺术。



21. Yann Arthus Bertrand,纽约的空景

New York from the air是法国摄影师Yann Arthus Bertrand完成于2010年的一个拍摄的项目,在这个项目中,摄影师从一个非常特殊的角度记录下这个全球最繁荣城市在更大远景下的日常状态,这也是Yann城市航拍系列中第一本出版为画册的作品组。


22. Kai Fagerstrom,森林中的居所

The House in the Woods”是芬兰摄影师Kai Fagerstrom完成于2010年的一个私人拍摄项目,在这个项目中,摄影师通过对被动物们占据的郊区废弃房屋的拍摄,创造出一个神奇而美妙的童话世界。这组作品获得了2010年WWF年度自然画册奖。


23. 『另一种描述方式』Photo Mosaic 与4000美军士兵

为了讽刺伊拉克战争,『Huffinton Post』的Nico Pitney用4000张阵亡美军士兵的照片制作了一张Photo Mosaic——4000张死者的头像构成了一个讽刺的画面:开怀而笑的George W.Bush与John McCain。

补充一点小知识:Photo Mosaic,用独立的图片来代替照片中色调、明暗相似的“像素”,在能够辨明“原像素”图片内容的情况下组成另一张新的照片,是一种极具“数量感”和“个体感”的图片形式。
如果你想要制作自己的Photo Mosaic,可以参考下面两个网站:
1.Mosaickr —— 通过Flickr帐号里的照片来自动排列出一张Photo Mosaic,需要你的Flickr相册里有足够多的照片
2.Image Mosaic Generator —— 上传你想要变成Mosaic效果的图片,使用Image Mosaic Generator图片库中的照片来构成一张Mosaic,只需要提供一张图片即可

23. Kenneth O Halloran,市集物语

Fair Trade”是摄影师Kenneth O’Halloran完成于2010年的一个私人拍摄项目,在这个项目中,摄影师用中画幅相机来记录爱尔兰传统市集上人们的肖像,以此来探寻爱尔兰文化与民族的特质。很多参与集市的人是旅居者,他们是Gaelic古老游牧民族的后裔,从不在一个地点长久驻足,保持着最简单的生活方式,除了集市,平时你很难找到他们。白天,人们在集市里讨价还价,晚上则聚在一起聊天跳舞,气氛开阔而自然。”


24. Guy Tillim,沉静的记录

“如今,人们愈发热衷于制造戏剧冲突,而忽略了场景本身的力量,这已偏离了报道摄影的本质,在我看来,过去那些真实、沉静并蕴涵故事的画面才尤为可贵。”──── Guy Tillim

作为一名报道摄影师,Guy Tillim 长期关注非洲大陆的社会与环境变革,他曾在刚果待了10年,最终因为在工作中遭到暴徒袭击而离开这个国家。尽管一直身处刚果、安哥拉、南非等争端地区,Tillim的作品却呈现出一种细腻、宁静的诗意,正是这种独特的记录风格,让第一世界的人们对这些地区有了另一层的认知。
“Guy Tillim 擅长捕捉空间中的沉静,在选举集会中,他可能会将镜头对着天空,让树下高举着的胳膊填满大部分画面。或者远离战场去拍摄快速流动的刚果河,一张蚊帐下的空床。在拍摄马拉维的饥荒地区时,Tillim尝试将光影处理的更为古典,呈现出卡拉瓦乔(16世纪意大利画家)风格的肖像。在世界最饱受战乱之苦的地区,他的作品中却包含着静谧和光明。”

25. Grace Kim,“Love Hotel,爱情旅店”

“Love Hotel”是女摄影师Grace Kim起始于2008年的一个私人摄影项目,在这个拍摄于韩国汉城的项目中,摄影师通过记录情侣们刚刚离开的旅馆房间的模样,来表达回忆、时间的流逝以及爱的短暂这样的主题,黑白的高调有一种特别打动人的感触。


26. Nathan Schroder,口袋肖像

Pocket Portraits”是摄影师Nathan Schroder从2006年开始的一个私人拍摄项目,这个项目与我们在Flickr上经常看到的“Show Your Pocket”有异曲同工之妙,不同的是,摄影师将口袋与所有者的肖像一并记录下来,赋予这一组作品新的维度和呈现空间。

“开始摄影前,我在大学读了4年心理学,所以我一直希望能够在肖像中呈现人们面孔背后的内心状态。Pocket Portrait是一个很偶然的项目,有一天我无所事事,于是翻出口袋里所有的东西,摆好,拍下来。忽然间意识到,口袋是一个非常特殊的私人空间,你可以从中看到一个的生活状态,必须的、日常的、临时的、隐藏的



27. 摄影已死?Is Photography Dead?

“现代艺术已经将雕塑变成墙上的一个窟窿,摄影难道也要被变成像素和电脑合成的涂鸦。站在这些所谓的艺术品前,我问自己:他到底想表达什么?”- Peter Plagens, Is Photography Dead?


28. Yenny Huber:48小时,城市空间

Yenny  Huber是一名住在奥地利的女摄影师,也是今年Rencontres艺术节被选为代表奥地利的三名摄影师之一。“48小时”与”城市空间”分别是她两个与城市有关的Fine-Art拍摄项目。与传统城市风光摄影不同的是,Huber尝试通过对建筑的描绘来探索城市本身的特质,将城市最具性格的不同场景压缩到同一幅画面中,创造出一种似乎能够穿越时空的洞察力,视角非常独到。

[48 Hours]每一个场景与空间用48个小时来拍摄,将着重点放在一个城市的多元与矛盾上,通过复杂的视觉元素来展示那些处于文化与历史中心的大城市的孤独。摄影师大量运用了多次曝光的拍摄方式,从而在画面中构成一种时空交错的层叠感

[Urban Rooms]与48 Hours相比,这一系列作品更注重对空间的展现:空荡的地铁站、无人的教堂、涂鸦的弃屋…



婴儿护理室中,摄影师Sandy Puc沉稳地为刚刚出生的David的第一张照片调整着相机和构图——焦点略过他小小的脚趾,蜷起的小拳头,粉嫩的脸颊…

30. David Griffin:摄影连接世界

Everyone of us has one or two great photographs in us, but to be a great photojournalist you need to take great photos all the time. You need to know how to creative a visual narrative , you need to know how to tell a story.

Photography can be used to address our biggest issues. But sometimes photojournalism is just plain interesting or fun.

I believe that Photography can make a real connection to people, and can be employed as a positive agent to understand the challenges and opportunities facing us today.


这不仅仅是一张照片的证据,这几乎是新闻摄影精神的捍卫,让摄影师们更加坚信Capa最著名的那句格言:你拍得不够好,是因为你靠得不够近。(If your pictures aren’t good enough, you’re not close enough)”Capa是一个改写战地摄影历史的人,让摄影师不再远远的旁观,而敢于冲入战地,让人们看到置身战场的真实的照片。

《4-Hour Workweek》的作者Tim Ferriss在黑星图片社Scott Baradell的采访中,提出了几个有关摄影师的“生活方式”建议,例如:

31. The Photographs Not Taken:Erika Larsen

The Photographs Not Taken』是一组与相机无关的摄影师的故事,每一个故事的讲述者并没有使用他们最擅长的,通过镜头的方式来记录,而是在可以按下快门的时候放弃了记录,在照片与记忆之中选择了后者——摄影被简化到最原始的状态:灵感、冲动、思考,瞬间的触动。




32. 美国的年轻人们:American Youth

“American Youth”是Redux图片社的25名摄影师共同完成的一个拍摄项目,在这个项目中,摄影师们以“美国的年轻人”为主题,深入记录了数百名18-24岁美国青年的生活状态,试图由此来展现美国普通年轻人的生活方式,以及其所代表的“群体”的特质。

“…. 在这些年轻人中,有奥巴马竞选志愿者、参加选秀的未来明星、哈佛耶鲁的高材生,也有基督教摇滚粉丝、同性恋黑帮成员、早婚的年轻情侣…镜头前的每一个人都有自己独特的一面,我们想要探讨的是,这些年轻人的独特性是如何产生的?这些独特性与他们的前辈人有什么不同?…. 如果有一个发问的机会,他们会向上帝寻求怎样的答案?…”





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